Forging technology has long past moved ahead of the hammer. Nowadays with the improvement in technologies, the forging industry has grown leaps and bounds. Moreover, forging is not essentially limited to heavy industries, but also used in hardware, kitchenwares, jewelry, et cetera. The processes have become quite complex, and the products that the forge company produces have revolutionized various industries.
The shaping of metals using agents that apply localized forces is what forging essentially means. It involves the work pieces that are pressed or hammered or are passed through a die.
Regarding temperature, forging can be performed either through the heating or cold mechanisms. Newer machines have water jets that help cool the machine instantaneously but at the same time not losing the heat.
Forging these days has become very specific and context oriented. As the manufacturing process has become quite sophisticated, the forging industry has too developed mechanisms that would cater to the ever changing world. A forge company undertakes forging of metals which are used by many industries.
The innovation can be elucidated as follows:
In this process, a defined shape is given in a single movement. For this process cross rollers, hydraulics or mechanical presses are best suited. It is also advantageous when forging aluminum.
This process involves two rotating rolls or vertically located reciprocating plates. They assist in rolling into the work pieces with profiled tools that are matched to the action. Here, the contours produce a tapering of the work pieces. The materials are at all times pressed. The pressure is located either in the middle or towards the ends. Through this process, rotationally symmetric pre-shapes can be produced.
This process involves repeated strokes, nearly 30 to 60 strokes per minute on the workpiece. This has resulted in the life cycle of the die increasing and greater efficiency in the forging process.
It is ideal for a low cost simple pre-shaping process. This process is beneficial because of the high-speed capabilities. It can also be integrated with the automated forging line.
The most attractive feature of this method is the lost investment that it requires. Here, the work pieces are required to move in two rolls which have a parallel movement. They are guided by two parallel contour blocks with matching profiles.
Press as pre-forming units
In this case, the simple pre-forming process is integrated right at the beginning of the operation. This process is advantageous because it reduced cooling down of the forging, cycle time, and production costs as well.
It is through this process that a multi-dimensional pre-forming process has become possible. It involves hydraulics or other variants of mechanical pushers.
New FCS generation
The new controls system generation included features such as thickness measurement of the forging, auto regulation of the hydraulic hammer, and, it measures the CPK and CMK values during the forging process.
Forge companies have developed these cost effective methods to cater to customers of all grades and sizes. Moreover, many new industries of micro-small and medium stature have sprouted around various forging companies.