Maintaining regular dental hygiene is important to keep oneself away from a variety of health issues. A sign of poor oral health is a damaged or decaying tooth which is a result of neglected dental hygiene. A root canal is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or has become infected.
The root canal procedure involves removal of the damaged area of the teeth, cleaning, then disinfecting followed by filling and sealing. Patients are often scared of this dental treatment as they fear the expected pain during the procedure. The improvements in dental technology have gradually helped minimize the discomfort suffered by patients during this treatment.
Before going in for the treatment, a patient should know how and why the condition of a tooth may deteriorate to a stage where the root canal treatment is required. A tooth’s nerve and pulp can become distressed, inflamed, and infected due to extreme decay, multiple dental procedures on a tooth like large fillings, or trauma suffered by the tooth. Once damaged, the nerve tissue of the tooth breaks down and bacteria begin to multiply within the pulp chamber. Hence the tooth becomes infected and an abscess spread past the root of the tooth. To save and repair this decaying tooth, a dentist may perform the root canal procedure.
What are the steps involved in a root canal treatment?
A root canal treatment may be performed by an endodontist or a general dentist. Only specialized endodontic equipment is used so that best results are delivered to patients. You can check out x smart plus endo motor price in India and analyse its features to understand how it is used for effective results.
Here are steps involved in a root canal treatment –
- The entire treatment is completed in some 7-10 steps
- First of all, the tooth is anesthetized so that the procedure is entirely painless for the patient
- After that, the tooth’s roots are cleaned of any decayed, infected or inflamed pulp
- The endodontist will also check the presence of any other nerve tissue that requires removal
- This is done to prepare the tooth for filling
- A rubbery material, called gutta-percha, is used for the filling purpose
- The entire root structure is closed using the filling material. The procedure helps seal the roots and nerve chambers
- Old fluids are thus stopped form entering the tooth and infecting its internal structure
- The tooth, which is still weak, will need strength and a crown to work as a protective cover. The use of a crown saves the tooth from further damage
- The crown allows the tooth to be protected while the normal chewing function is resumed
- The dentist may not use a crown in case the infection or decay is of a minor variety. In such cases, a core build-up is enough as a final restoration
- The entire process may take one or more visits depending on the extent of damage suffered by the tooth. The treatment may be completed in one-sitting in case the damage is not deep
- Upon completing the procedure, the dentist will allow healing around the bone adjoining the tooth
The patient will be called up for a follow-up visit within 6 months after the treatment and final restoration